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Three-Year-Old Won't Sleep in His Room
Q: I have a three-year-old who hates to sleep in his room. If he can't see our faces when he goes to sleep, he starts screaming. I usually stay in his room until he falls asleep. Then he wakes up in the middle of the night and falls asleep in my room. What should I do?
A: Unfortunately, you have created a ritualized bedtime sleep pattern and nighttime awakening pattern that has your child needing your presence to fall asleep. Children need to learn to self-calm themselves and know they can fall asleep on their own. At this point, your son is in need of a major break in this pattern; if you continue what you're doing, he'll continue to believe that all he has to do is scream to get his way- it works, right?
During the next several days calmly discuss with him that it's time that he falls asleep in his own room after you leave. Have these discussions any time other than bedtime. Reference the discussions and briefly reaffirm what's about to happen before you begin a 15-20 minute pleasurable bedtime routine ( stories, songs, teethbrushing, tucking in bed, nighttime kiss, et., et al).
Do not take him out of bed when he screams. Let him scream for five minutes or so before you go in for the first time. Comfort him in his bed/crib assuring him in a gentle, calming manner that he's going to be just fine and have a wonderful sleep. Leave before he falls asleep; you may sit beside his bed for awhile before you leave. Continue this same process, if the screaming keeps up,leaving more time in between when you go in on each successive occasion. Again, don't take him out of his bed or into your bed.
You, as all parents do with this problem, will be sorely tempted to do what you've done before, just to stop the screaming and get some sleep yourself. Remember though, that if you give in you will be perpetuating the problem and reinforcing a bad habit that needs breaking. You'll probably feel like you're losing your grip if this keeps up for several nights, but be assured that these techniques usually work over a period of five to seven days. Isn't it worth hanging in for a while when you know there is a final end in sight to this behavior? Certainly praise your son for his going to sleep on his own and never blame him for being "bad" because he won't respond to this right away; after all, you helped him create this pattern. For a more detailed account of this technique and some variations on it, consult any books by pediatrician Richard Ferber.
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Carleton Kendrick has been in private practice as a family therapist and has worked as a consultant for more than 20 years. He has conducted parenting seminars on topics ranging from how to discipline toddlers to how to stay connected with teenagers. Kendrick has appeared as an expert on national broadcast media such as CBS, Fox Television Network, Cable News Network, CNBC, PBS, and National Public Radio. In addition, he's been quoted in the New York Times, Washington Post, Chicago Tribune, Boston Globe, USA Today, Reader's Digest, BusinessWeek, Good Housekeeping, Woman's Day, and many other publications.