Writing Well

Citing Electronic Sources and CD-ROMs

Electronic sources are often missing key information such as the author and date. Use whatever information you can find for your citation. Given the staggering variety of sites on the Internet, you will have to adapt your documentation to a particular source. Include the information your reader would need to access the source.

Warning: Electronic sources can change without notice. Get the most up-to-date information but recognize that this may not always be possible.

Citing Pamphlets

Cite a pamphlet the same way you would a book.

Gordon, Marla Meg. “You and the Law.” Consumer Affairs Pamphlet 511 (September 1999): 23-45.

Citing Government Documents

The format varies with the information available. The basic citation for a government document looks like this:

Government agency. Subsidiary agency. Title of Document. Publication information.

For example:

United States Congressional House Subcommittee on Workfare. Federal Statement on Workfare. 99th Congress. Washington, DC: GPO, 1999.

Citing Interviews

Name the subject of the interview, followed by Personal interview or Telephone interview. Then comes the date.

Lichtenstein, Ellen. Personal interview. 1 September 1999.

Citing Speeches or Lectures

Name the speaker, the title of the speech, the name of the occasion or sponsoring organization, the location, and the date. If you can't get all this information, provide as much as possible.

Bernback, Linda. “Golf for the Beginner” New England Regional Golf Association Yearly Meeting. Burlington, New Hampshire 3 May, 1999.

book cover

Excerpted from The Complete Idiot's Guide to Writing Well © 2000 by Laurie Rozakis, Ph.D.. All rights reserved including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form. Used by arrangement with Alpha Books, a member of Penguin Group (USA) Inc.

To order this book direct from the publisher, visit the Penguin USA website or call 1-800-253-6476. You can also purchase this book at Amazon.com and Barnes & Noble.

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