BOATS

Although boats float, their weight makes them settle a little way into the water. This means they create some resistance or drag when they move through the water. The bow (front) of a boat is V-shaped and curved. This raises the boat up as it goes faster, and helps reduce drag. Boats are powered by sails, oars, or engines that turn propellers at the rear. The propellers push water backwards, and this backward thrust moves the boat forwards.

HYDROFOIL

A hydrofoil is a high-speed boat that seems to fly along almost out of the water. The boat has small underwater wings called foils. These work like the aerofoil wings of an aeroplane. As the boat speeds along, the foils generate a force upwards that lifts its hull (body) clear of the water. This reduces drag and helps the hydrofoil go faster.

SUBMARINES

Submarines can float on the sea, sink just beneath the surface, or dive to the seabed. They dive or surface using tanks that work like a fish’s swim bladder. When the tanks are filled with water, the submarine dives. When they are filled with air, it surfaces. A submarine can select its level in the sea by changing the mixture of air and water in its tanks.

Copyright © 2007 Dorling Kindersley

highlights

Special Books for the Kids You Love
Celebrate 20 years of sharing love to the moon and back with the anniversary edition of Guess How Much I Love You, one of the world’s best-loved picture books. Plus, search our Book Finder for more great book picks. Brought to you by Candlewick Press.

Vote Now for the Children's & Teen Choice Book Awards
Voting is open now through May 3 for the Children's and Teen Choice Book Awards — the only national book awards program where the winning author, illustrator, and books of the year are selected by young readers. Encourage your child to vote for his favorites today!

Top 10 Math & Science Apps for Your Whiz Kid
Looking for the best math and science apps for kids? Check out these cool apps for all ages, which will grow your child's love of the STEM subjects (science, technology, engineering, and math).

Registered for Kindergarten — Now What?
Wondering what to do now that you've signed your child up for kindergarten? Try our award-winning Kindergarten Readiness app! This easy-to-use checklist comes with games and activities to help your child build essential skills for kindergarten. Download the Kindergarten Readiness app today!

stay connected

Sign up for our free email newsletters and receive the latest advice and information on all things parenting.

Enter your email address to sign up or manage your account.

Facebook icon Facebook icon Follow Us on Pinterest

editor’s picks