From Hattie to The Help

A History of African-Americans at the Oscars

by Jennie Wood

Hattie McDaniel, the first African-American to win an Oscar.


On February 29, 1940, Hattie McDaniel became the first African-American actor to win an Academy Award. The Oscar, for Best Supporting Actress, was for her portrayal of Mammy in Gone with the Wind. Since that historic win, the film, the novel on which it was based, and McDaniel have all been subjects of backlash and controversy, especially in regards to how Mammy typified racial stereotypes. However, McDaniel's accomplishment should not be lost in the controversy. On the night she won, McDaniel and her escort were seated at a segregated table for two, away from her fellow Gone with the Wind cast members. Two months before that Oscar ceremony, McDaniel wasn't allowed to attend the premiere of Gone with the Wind in Atlanta, GA due to Georgia's segregationist laws. Winning an Oscar at that time was an extraordinary achievement.

McDaniel's breakthrough also stands out because it would be over twenty years before another African-American actor would take home an Oscar. In 1963, Sidney Poitier became the first African-African to win a Best Actor Academy Award. He won for his portrayal of Homer Smith in Lilies of the Field. Later, in 2002, Poitier also received a special Oscar for his body of work as an actor.

Thirty-Eight Year Gap

Even though Whoopi Goldberg (1990), Cuba Gooding, Jr. (1996), Louis Gossett Jr. (1982), and Denzel Washington (1989) won Best Supporting Oscars, 38 years would go by before another African-American won Best Actor. In 2001, Washington won for Training Day. The 2001 Oscars turned out to be record-breaking for multiple reasons. That same year Halle Berry became the first African-American woman to win the Best Actress Oscar. She won for her role as Leticia Musgrove in Monster's Ball. It was also the first time two African-Americans took home both Best Acting honors.

Mo'Nique at 82nd Academy Awaryds

Mo'Nique at the 82nd Academy Awards

Since Berry and Washington both took home statuettes in 2001, the following African-American actors have won Oscars: Jamie Foxx (Best Actor, 2004, Ray), Morgan Freeman (Best Supporting Actor, 2004 Million Dollar Baby), Forest Whitaker (Best Actor, 2006, The Last King of Scotland), Jennifer Hudson (Best Supporting Actress, 2006, Dreamgirls) and Mo'Nique (Best Supporting Actress, 2009, Precious). As of 2011, a total of thirteen African-American actors had taken home Academy Awards.

Here Comes The Help

Two more African-American actors were nominated for Oscars in 2012. For her role as Aibileen Clark in The Help, Viola Davis was nominated for Best Actress. She had a lot of stiff competition, especially Meryl Streep, who had her seventeenth nomination, this time for playing Margaret Thatcher in The Iron Lady. Streep ended up taking home the Oscar. In the Best Supporting Actress category, Octavia Spencer was nominated, also for The Help. Spencer took home the Oscar. With the two nominations, The Help became the third film in the Academy's history to feature African-American nominees for both Best Actress and Supporting Actress. The two previous films were The Color Purple and Precious.

Even though more and more actors are being recognized for their work, an African-American director has yet to win an Oscar. In fact, only two directors have been nominated, John Singleton in 1991 for Boyz n the Hood and Lee Daniels in 2009 for Precious.

The Oscars are known for being notoriously slow to change. It took until 2010 for a woman, Kathryn Bigelow, to win the Oscar for Best Director. Looking back at Hattie McDaniel's historic win, during a ceremony where she wasn't allowed to sit with her Gone With the Wind co-stars, it's clear to see how the Oscars, like American society, has made slow, but steady progress over the years.

Information Please® Database, © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Did you know?
Monaco is the 2nd smallest country and has the 2nd highest population density in the world.


10 Best Creative Apps for Kids
Looking for apps that foster creativity? Check out these top-rated art and music apps for kids.

Kindergarten Readiness App Wins Gold
Our Kindergarten Readiness app won the Gold Award of Excellence in the educational category at the 2014 Communicator Awards. This valuable checklist comes with games and activities to help your child practice the essential skills she needs for kindergarten. Download the Kindergarten Readiness app today!

A New Intergalactic Reading Adventure!
Get your reluctant reader hooked on an irresistible new story, Galactic Hot Dogs! Join the Book 1 reading marathon, and get behind-the-scenes tidbits on the official Galactic Hot Dogs blog. Also, print this cool Galactic Hot Dogs reading log to keep your bookworm excited about reading!

Find Today's Newest & Best Children's Books!
Looking for newly released books for your child? Try our new Book Finder tool to search for new books by age, type, and theme, and create reading lists for kids!

stay connected

Sign up for our free email newsletters and receive the latest advice and information on all things parenting.

Enter your email address to sign up or manage your account.

Facebook icon Twitter icon Follow Us on Pinterest

editor’s picks