Eye Care

As a parent, you can play a critical role in protecting and caring for your youngster's visual development. Be sure that routine eye exams are carried out at regular intervals and know the signs of potential eye problems.

Routine screenings

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that the following routine screenings be performed on schedule:

  • Your baby's first routine screening is performed immediately after birth, when the obstetrician checks for evidence of infection or structural abnormalities.
  • At six months, your pediatrician checks to see that your baby's eyes and eyelids are developing properly, and that they are properly coordinated. About four percent of babies develop some form of misalignment, crossed eyes being the most familiar problem. Misalignments are typically referred to an ophthalmologist. This specialist can usually correct the condition with exercises, patching, special glasses, or surgery.
  • At three years, your child is shown a junior version of the eye chart (made up of such familiar images as a bird, dog, house, and truck) and asked to identify them at a distance. This reveals his ability to focus and see things sharply. Problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism (found in over 10 percent of pre-school children) begin to show up at this time. When indicated, the pediatrician will refer you to an ophthalmologist for further evaluation and possibly a prescription for eye glasses.
  • At six years, or just prior to entering school, essentially the same examination as was given at age three is repeated. This time, if your child already knows the alphabet, the standard eye chart may be used.

Lazy eye

"Lazy eye" (amblyopia) may be detected at age three. Lazy eye develops in about two percent of children. It occurs when a child sees less well out of one eye than the other for reasons of a focusing error, misalignment, or some injury. The better eye then takes on the burden of sight and the poorer eye, unable to compete, stops trying. Lazy eye should be treated as soon as it is detected, as corrective treatment becomes more difficult as time passes and is virtually impossible by the time a child reaches puberty.

Signs of eye problems

Not all eye conditions cause your child discomfort, so it's quite possible that your youngster won't cry or even mention a problem, thinking that what he or she is experiencing is something ordinary. Call your child's pediatrician if you observe any of the following symptoms:

  • frequent eye rubbing
  • squinting or frowning when trying to focus on something
  • blinking with unusual frequency
  • tilting or turning the head to see better as a regular practice
  • stumbling over small objects
  • inability to see objects clearly in various light conditions
  • frequent headaches or problems at school
  • red-rimmed, encrusted, or swollen eyes
  • bloodshot or watery eyes
  • sties that develop frequently
  • any accident that might have caused injury to the eye, including contact with an aerosol spray, or impact from a blunt or sharp object

by Wendy Murphy


st. patrick’s day

Celebrate the
luck of the Irish
with recipes
and activities.



10 Best Creative Apps for Kids
Looking for apps that foster creativity? Check out these top-rated art and music apps for kids.

Kindergarten Readiness App Wins Gold
Our Kindergarten Readiness app won the Gold Award of Excellence in the educational category at the 2014 Communicator Awards. This valuable checklist comes with games and activities to help your child practice the essential skills she needs for kindergarten. Download the Kindergarten Readiness app today!

A New Intergalactic Reading Adventure!
Get your reluctant reader hooked on an irresistible new story, Galactic Hot Dogs! Join the Book 1 reading marathon, and get behind-the-scenes tidbits on the official Galactic Hot Dogs blog. Also, print this cool Galactic Hot Dogs reading log to keep your bookworm excited about reading!

Find Today's Newest & Best Children's Books!
Looking for newly released books for your child? Try our new Book Finder tool to search for new books by age, type, and theme, and create reading lists for kids!

stay connected

Sign up for our free email newsletters and receive the latest advice and information on all things parenting.

Enter your email address to sign up or manage your account.

Facebook icon Twitter icon Follow Us on Pinterest

editor’s picks