9 Surprising Ways You Might Be Over-Parenting Your Child
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Giving Excessive Praise
Encouragement can go a long way in fostering your child's self-esteem and pushing him to strive to do his best, but some of us have the habit of giving excessive praise even when a child's effort is lacking. The down side to this is he may never feel the need to push himself to succeed. (Think rewarding "participation trophies" to all players on the soccer field, a child expecting a higher grade for less work, etc.)
A study from Columbia University found that children who were continually told they were smart tended to avoid activities they didn't excel at for fear of failing. Instead of praising your child the next time he falls short, talk about what he could have done to make the outcome better and what he'll do differently next time. It's important to remember that failure teaches us how to accept disappointment and develop coping strategies to overcome obstacles later on in life.