7 Wonders of the Ancient World
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The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
Though there had been temples on the spot for centuries, the most famous—and most lavish—version of the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus (in present-day Turkey) was begun about 550 B.C., and funded by Croesus of Lydia. Artemis was the goddess of fertility and the hunt. The temple, with Ionic columns 60 ft high, was destroyed by an act of arson.