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All About Beijing

Beijing is quickly becoming a top destination choice for adventurous tourists, who will find it a modern, accommodating city with comfortable hotels, wonderful restaurants, shopping, sightseeing, and plenty of nightlife. Whether you are making the trek to this ancient capital or simply want to learn more about it, you'll find some details here.

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Beijing's History and Government


Beijing is the capital of the People's Republic of China, as well as its political, economic, cultural, and educational center. It is considered China's most important center for international trade and communications. Located in northern China, the city covers an area of about 6336 square miles, and has a population of nearly 15 million people.

Records show that Beijing has been an inhabited city for more than 3,000 years, enduring invasions by warlords and foreign powers, devastating fires, and the rise and fall of powerful imperial dynasties. Beijing is also known as a cradle of humanity, since Peking Man lived in caves in the southwest area of Beijing as early as 500,000 years ago.

On October 1, 1949 the People's Republic of China was founded, with Beijing as its capital. The Chinese government and the Communist Party are theoretically separate, but in practice the Party controls the government through the appointment of official posts and offices, and through the operation of agencies that oversee the day-to-day affairs of all government institutions.

Next: Beijing's Climate

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