Maryland

Maryland flag

Capital: Annapolis

State abbreviation/Postal code: Md./MD

Governor: Martin O'Malley, D (to Jan. 2015)

Lieut. Gov.: Anthony Brown (to Jan. 2015)

Senators: Barbara A. Mikulski, D (to Jan. 2017); Ben Cardin, D (to Jan. 2013)

U.S. Representatives: 8

Historical biographies of Congressional members

Secretary of State: John P. McDonough, D (to Jan. 2015)

Treasurer: Nancy K. Kopp, D (elected by state legislature)

Atty. General: Douglas Ganser, D (to Jan. 2015)

Entered Union (rank): April 28, 1788 (7)

Present constitution adopted: 1867

Motto: Fatti maschii, parole femine (Manly deeds, womanly words)

State symbols:

birdBaltimore oriole (1947)
boatskipjack (1985)
crustaceanMaryland blue crab (1989)
dinosaurAstrodon johnstoni (1998)
dogChesapeake Bay retriever (1964)
beveragemilk (1998)
flowerblack-eyed susan (1918)
fishrockfish (1965)
folk dancesquare dance (1994)
fossil shellecphora gardnerae gardnerae (Wilson) (1994)
insectBaltimore checkerspot butterfly (1973)
reptileDiamondback terrapin (1994)
song“Maryland! My Maryland!” (1939)
sportjousting (1962)
team sportlacrosse (2004)
tree white oak (1941)

Nicknames: Free State; Old Line State

Origin of name: In honor of Henrietta Maria (queen of Charles I of England)

10 largest cities (2010): Baltimore, 620,961; Frederick, 65,239; Rockville, 61,209; Gaithersburg, 59,933; Bowie, 54,727; Hagerstown, 39,662; Annapolis, 38,394; College Park, 30,413; Salisbury, 30,343; Greenbelt, 23,068

Land area: 9,774 sq mi. (25,315 sq km)

Geographic center: In Prince Georges Co., 41/2 mi. NW of Davidsonville

Number of counties: 23, and 1 independent city

Largest county by population and area: Montgomery, 971,777 (2010); Frederick, 663 sq mi.

State forests: 7 (136,907 ac.)

State parks: 40 (90,239 ac.)

Residents: Marylander

2010 resident population: 5,773,552

2010 resident census population (rank): 5,773,552 (19). Male: 2,791,762 (48.3%); Female: 2,981,790 (51.7%). White: 3,359,284 (58.2%); Black: 1,700,298 (29.4%); American Indian: 20,420 (0.4%); Asian: 318,853 (5.5%); Other race: 206,832 (3.4%); Two or more races: 164,708 (2.9%); Hispanic/Latino: 470,632 (8.2%). 2010 percent population 18 and over: 4,420,588; 65 and over: 707,642; median age: 38.0.

See additional census data

See additional census data

Area codes

Tourism office

In 1608, Capt. John Smith explored Chesapeake Bay. Charles I granted a royal charter for Maryland to Cecil Calvert, Lord Baltimore, in 1632, and English settlers, many of whom were Roman Catholic, landed on St. Clement's (now Blakistone) Island in 1634. Religious freedom, granted all Christians in the Toleration Act passed by the Maryland assembly in 1649, was ended by a Puritan revolt, 1654–1658.

From 1763 to 1767, Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon surveyed Maryland's northern boundary line with Pennsylvania. In 1791, Maryland ceded land to form the District of Columbia.

In 1814, during the British attempt to capture Baltimore, the bombardment of Fort McHenry inspired Francis Scott Key to write the words to “The Star-Spangled Banner.” During the Civil War, Maryland was a slave state but remained in the Union. Consequently, Marylanders fought on both sides and many families were divided.

Maryland's Eastern Shore and Western Shore embrace the Chesapeake Bay, and the many estuaries and rivers create one of the longest waterfronts of any state. The Bay produces more seafood—oysters, crabs, clams, fin fish—than any comparable body of water. Since the 1950s, fish stocks have declined due to increased residential and commercial development in the area and the attendant amount of nutrients, sediment, and toxic substances polluting the water. In 2009, President Barack Obama signed the Chesapeake Bay Restoration and Protection Executive Order that called on the federal government "to restore and protect the nation's largest estuary and its watershed."

Important agricultural products are greenhouse and nursery products, chickens, dairy products, eggs, and soybeans. Stone, coal, sand, gravel, cement, and clay are the chief mineral products.

Manufacturing industries include food products, chemicals, computer and electronic products, transportation equipment, and primary metals. Baltimore, home of the Johns Hopkins University and Hospital, ranks as the nation's second port in foreign tonnage. The capital, Annapolis, is the site of the U.S. Naval Academy.

Among the popular attractions in Maryland are the Fort McHenry National Monument; Harpers Ferry and Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historic Parks; Antietam National Battlefield; National Aquarium, USS Constellation, and Maryland Science Center at Baltimore's Inner Harbor; Historic St. Mary's City; Jefferson Patterson Historical Park and Museum at St. Leonard; U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis; Goddard Space Flight Center at Greenbelt; Assateague Island National Park Seashore; Ocean City beach resort; and Catoctin Mountain, Fort Frederick, and Piscataway parks.

In March 2012, Maryland passed legislation to legalize gay marriage, becoming the eighth state to do so.

See more on Maryland:
Encyclopedia: Maryland
Encyclopedia: Geography
Encyclopedia: Economy
Encyclopedia: Government
Encyclopedia: History
Monthly Temperature Extremes

All U.S. States: Geography & Climate
Printable Outline Maps
Record Highest Temperatures
Record Lowest Temperatures
Highest, Lowest, and Mean Elevations
Land and Water Area

All U.S. States: Population & Economy
Historical Population Statistics, 1790–Present
Per Capita Personal Income
Minimum Wage Rates
State Taxes
Federal Government Expenditure
Percent of People in Poverty
Births and Birth Rates
Homeownership
Percentage of Uninsured by State

All U.S. States: Society & Culture:
Most Livable States
Healthiest States
Most Dangerous States
Smartest States
Crime Index
Residency Requirements for Voting
Compulsory School Attendance Laws
Driving Laws
National Public Radio Stations


Information Please® Database, © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

MaineStatesMassachusetts
Maryland

stay connected

Sign up for our free email newsletters and receive the latest advice and information on all things parenting.

Enter your email address to sign up or manage your account.

Facebook icon Twitter icon Follow Us on Pinterest

editor’s picks

highlights

Healthy Smile Checklist for Kids
Have better dental check-ups with this free printable checklist that helps keep your child flossing, brushing, and smiling! Brought to you by Philips Sonicare.

Kindergarten Readiness App
It's kindergarten registration time! Use this interactive kindergarten readiness checklist, complete with fun games and activities, to practice the essential skills your child needs for this next big step. Download the Kindergarten Readiness app today!

8 Easter Egg Decorating Ideas
Need some fun ideas for decorating Easter eggs with the kids? Look no further for colorful and cool designs!

7 Ways to Curb Kids' Exposure to Violence
American children are exposed to violence more often than you might think. Learn how to limit your child's exposure to violence and manage the mental health and behavioral effects it can cause.