New Jersey

New Jersey flag

Capital: Trenton

State abbreviation/Postal code: N.J./NJ

Governor: Chris Christie, R (to Jan. 2018)

Senators: Robert Menendez, D (to Jan. 2019); Cory Booker, D (to Jan. 2021)

U.S. Representatives: 12

Historical biographies of Congressional members

Entered Union (rank): Dec. 18, 1787 (3)

Present constitution adopted: 1947

Motto: Liberty and prosperity

State symbols:

flowerpurple violet (1913)
birdeastern goldfinch (1935)
insecthoneybee (1974)
treered oak (1950)
animalhorse (1977)
colorsbuff and blue (1965)
folk dancesquare dance
dinosaurhadrosaurus foulkii
fishbrook trout
shellknobbed whelk
fruitblueberry (2004)

Nickname: Garden State

Origin of name: From the Channel Isle of Jersey

10 largest cities (2012 est.): Newark, 277,727; Jersey City, 254,441; Paterson, 145,219; Elizabeth , 126,458; Edison, 101,207; Toms River, 88,791; Clifton, 84,722; Trenton , 84,477; Camden, 77,250

Land area: 7,417 sq mi. (19,210 sq km)

Geographic center: In Mercer Co., 5 mi. SE of Trenton

Number of counties: 21

Largest county by population and area: Bergen, 905,116 (2010); Burlington, 805 sq mi.

State forests: 11

State parks: 42

Residents: New Jerseyite, New Jerseyan

2014 resident population est.: 8,938,175

2010 resident census population (rank): 8,791,894 (11). Male: 4,279,600 (48.7%); Female: 4,512,294 (51.3%). White: 6,029,248 (68.6%); Black: 1,204,826 (13.7%); American Indian: 29,026 (0.3%); Asian: 725,726 (8.3%); Other race: 559,722 (6.4%); Two or more races: 240,303 (2.7%); Hispanic/Latino: 1,555,144 (17.7%). 2010 percent population 18 and over: 76.5; 65 and over: 13.5; median age: 39.

See additional census data

Area codes

Tourism office

New Jersey's early colonial history was involved with that of New York (New Netherlands), of which it was a part. One year after the Dutch surrender to England in 1664, New Jersey was organized as an English colony under Gov. Philip Carteret.

In 1676 the colony was divided between Carteret and a company of English Quakers who had obtained the rights belonging to John, Lord Berkeley. New Jersey became a united crown colony in 1702, administered by the royal governor of New York. Finally, in 1738, New Jersey was separated from New York under its own royal governor, Lewis Morris. Because of its key location between New York City and Philadelphia, New Jersey saw much fighting during the American Revolution.

Today, New Jersey, an area of wide industrial diversification, is known as the Crossroads of the East. Products from over 20,000 manufacturers can be delivered overnight to 100 million people. The greatest single industry is chemicals; New Jersey is one of the foremost research centers in the world. Many large oil refineries are located in northern New Jersey. Other important manufactured items are pharmaceuticals, instruments, machinery, electrical goods, and apparel.

Productive farmland covers about 790,000 acres, 16.7% of New Jersey's land area. The state ranks high in the production of almost all garden vegetables, as well as blueberries, cranberries, and peaches. Poultry, dairy products, and seafood are also top commodities.

Tourism is the second-largest industry in New Jersey. The state has numerous resort areas on 127 mi of Atlantic coastline. In 1977, New Jersey voters approved legislation allowing legalized casino gambling in Atlantic City. Points of interest include the Delaware Water Gap, the Edison National Historic Site in West Orange, Princeton University, Liberty State Park, Jersey City, and the N.J. State Aquarium in Camden.

The coast of New Jersey, Atlantic City to Hoboken, was battered by 2012's Hurricane Sandy in late October. About 2.4 million people lost power, 34 people were killed, and some 72,000 homes or businesses were damaged or destroyed. The storm caused nearly $38 billion in damage.

See more on New Jersey:
Encyclopedia: New Jersey
Encyclopedia: Geography
Encyclopedia: Economy
Encyclopedia: Government
Encyclopedia: History
Monthly Temperature Extremes

All U.S. States: Geography & Climate
Printable Outline Maps
Record Highest Temperatures
Record Lowest Temperatures
Highest, Lowest, and Mean Elevations
Land and Water Area

All U.S. States: Population & Economy
Historical Population Statistics, 1790–Present
Per Capita Personal Income
Minimum Wage Rates
State Taxes
Federal Government Expenditure
Percent of People in Poverty
Births and Birth Rates
Percentage of Uninsured by State

All U.S. States: Society & Culture:
Most Livable States
Healthiest States
Most Dangerous States
Smartest States
Crime Index
Residency Requirements for Voting
Compulsory School Attendance Laws
Driving Laws
National Public Radio Stations

Information Please® Database, © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

New HampshireStatesNew Mexico
New Jersey


Special Books for the Kids You Love
Celebrate 20 years of sharing love to the moon and back with the anniversary edition of Guess How Much I Love You, one of the world’s best-loved picture books. Plus, search our Book Finder for more great book picks. Brought to you by Candlewick Press.

Vote Now for the Children's & Teen Choice Book Awards
Voting is open now through May 3 for the Children's and Teen Choice Book Awards — the only national book awards program where the winning author, illustrator, and books of the year are selected by young readers. Encourage your child to vote for his favorites today!

Top 10 Math & Science Apps for Your Whiz Kid
Looking for the best math and science apps for kids? Check out these cool apps for all ages, which will grow your child's love of the STEM subjects (science, technology, engineering, and math).

Registered for Kindergarten — Now What?
Wondering what to do now that you've signed your child up for kindergarten? Try our award-winning Kindergarten Readiness app! This easy-to-use checklist comes with games and activities to help your child build essential skills for kindergarten. Download the Kindergarten Readiness app today!

stay connected

Sign up for our free email newsletters and receive the latest advice and information on all things parenting.

Enter your email address to sign up or manage your account.

Facebook icon Facebook icon Follow Us on Pinterest

editor’s picks