World War I: Armistices and Treaties

Read about the agreements that were signed during and after World War I

 

Versailles

Related Links

Russia exited the war with the signing of an armistice on Dec. 15, 1917. The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk between Russia and the Central Powers followed the armistice.

Italy won decisive victory over Austria-Hungary at Vittorio Veneto in northeast Italy in November 1918, and Austria-Hungary surrendered. The Armistice of Villa Giusti was signed on November 3rd, ending the war on the Italian Front.

After the Allies launched several successful offensives against Germany, hostilities ended on the Western Front and the Armistice of Compi├Ęgne was signed on November 11, 1918, ending World War I.

The Treaty of Versailles was signed June 28, 1919, after months of negotiations. It assigned responsibility for the war on Germany and its allies, set forth reparations to be paid by Germany, established the League of Nations, put limits on Germany's military, and included several territorial clauses that returned land Germany seized in the war. David Lloyd George (Britain), Georges Clemenceau (France), and Woodrow Wilson (U.S.) were the most prominent figures—the Big Three—at the signing of the treaty.

The Treaty of St. Germain was signed on Sept. 10, 1919, by the Allies on one side and the new republic of Austria on the other. The treaty dissolved the Austro-Hungarian monarchy and recognized the independence of Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Poland, and Yugoslavia.

The Allies and Bulgaria signed the Treaty of Neuilly on Nov. 27, 1919. The treaty forced Bulgaria to cede territory to Greece and Yugoslavia, make reparations, and limit the size of its army.

The Treaty of Trianon was signed on June 4, 1920, by the Allies and Hungary, at the Grand Trianon Palace at Versailles, France. The treaty reduced the size and population of Hungary by about two-thirds and limited the size of its military.

The Treaty of Serves between the Ottoman Empire and the Allies (except Russia and the U.S.) was signed on August 10, 1920, after more than a year of negotiations. The treaty dissolved the Ottoman Empire and Turkey ceded a vast amount of land. The Allies took control over the Turkish economy.

by Beth Rowen

Information Please® Database, © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Did you know?
The Japanese-run Everest View Hotel in the Nepalese Himalyas is the highest located hotel in the world (12,779 feet).

stay connected

Sign up for our free email newsletters and receive the latest advice and information on all things parenting.

Enter your email address to sign up or manage your account.

Facebook icon Twitter icon Follow Us on Pinterest

editor’s picks

highlights

Top 10 Group Halloween Costumes for Families
These store-bought and Pinterest-inspired Halloween costume ideas for groups are the perfect way to show off your creative side at your Halloween party or while trick-or-treating.

Kindergarten Readiness App Wins Gold
Our Kindergarten Readiness app won the Gold Award of Excellence in the educational category at the 2014 Communicator Awards. This valuable checklist comes with games and activities to help your child practice the essential skills she needs for kindergarten. Download the Kindergarten Readiness app today!

12 Spine-Tingling Halloween Movies for Teens
Are you looking for a movie with just a little bit of spook-factor for your teen? Check out these 12 spine-tingling Halloween movies!

Find Today's Newest & Best Children's Books!
Looking for newly released books for your child? Try our new Book Finder tool to search for new books by age, type, and theme, and create reading lists for kids!