Time Tangled Island: Aztec Empire

Factropica Fast Facts and quizzes

by Beth Rowen
Aztec Sun Stone

Aztec sun stone

Related Links

Try our Aztec Empire Quiz!


Factropica Fast Facts

  • The Aztecs ruled what is now Mexico from about 1428 to 1521.
  • Tenochtitlán (modern Mexico City) was the capital of the Aztec empire.
  • The Great Pyramid of Tenochtitlan stood about 197 feet (60 meters) high. A shrine to the god Huitzilopochtli sat atop the Great Pyramid. It was the site of both sacrifices and festivals.
  • The Aztecs made important developments in engineering, architecture, art, math, and astronomy.
  • The Aztecs used two calendars: a 260-day cycle for rituals and a 365-day cycle for the civil year. The Aztec sun stone is 12 feet in diameter and shows both calendars. It is one of the most famous sculptures from the Aztec Empire.
  • Montezuma ruled the Aztecs from about 1502–1520. He was a brutal ruler, and his reign was known for continuous warfare.
  • The Aztecs worshipped many gods, including Huitzilopochtli. He was the Aztec's primary god, and the god of the sun and of war.
  • Hernán Cortés, along with 500 Spaniards, arrived in Mesoamerica in 1519 and found the region rich in gold. He captured Montezuma and forced him to pledge allegiance to the king of Spain.
  • Cacao beans were used as currency in the Aztec Empire.
  • Nahuatl was the native language of the Aztecs. Dialects of it are still spoken in rural areas of Mexico. The words avocado, chocolate, and tomato are derived from Nahuatl.

Information Please® Database, © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Did you know?
The Dow Jones Industrial Average includes just 30 stocks.

stay connected

Sign up for our free email newsletters and receive the latest advice and information on all things parenting.

Enter your email address to sign up or manage your account.

Facebook icon Twitter icon Follow Us on Pinterest

editor’s picks

highlights

Top 10 Group Halloween Costumes for Families
These store-bought and Pinterest-inspired Halloween costume ideas for groups are the perfect way to show off your creative side at your Halloween party or while trick-or-treating.

Kindergarten Readiness App Wins Gold
Our Kindergarten Readiness app won the Gold Award of Excellence in the educational category at the 2014 Communicator Awards. This valuable checklist comes with games and activities to help your child practice the essential skills she needs for kindergarten. Download the Kindergarten Readiness app today!

12 Spine-Tingling Halloween Movies for Teens
Are you looking for a movie with just a little bit of spook-factor for your teen? Check out these 12 spine-tingling Halloween movies!

Find Today's Newest & Best Children's Books!
Looking for newly released books for your child? Try our new Book Finder tool to search for new books by age, type, and theme, and create reading lists for kids!