Time Tangled Island: Aztec Empire

Factropica Fast Facts and quizzes

by Beth Rowen
Aztec Sun Stone

Aztec sun stone

Related Links

Try our Aztec Empire Quiz!


Factropica Fast Facts

  • The Aztecs ruled what is now Mexico from about 1428 to 1521.
  • Tenochtitlán (modern Mexico City) was the capital of the Aztec empire.
  • The Great Pyramid of Tenochtitlan stood about 197 feet (60 meters) high. A shrine to the god Huitzilopochtli sat atop the Great Pyramid. It was the site of both sacrifices and festivals.
  • The Aztecs made important developments in engineering, architecture, art, math, and astronomy.
  • The Aztecs used two calendars: a 260-day cycle for rituals and a 365-day cycle for the civil year. The Aztec sun stone is 12 feet in diameter and shows both calendars. It is one of the most famous sculptures from the Aztec Empire.
  • Montezuma ruled the Aztecs from about 1502–1520. He was a brutal ruler, and his reign was known for continuous warfare.
  • The Aztecs worshipped many gods, including Huitzilopochtli. He was the Aztec's primary god, and the god of the sun and of war.
  • Hernán Cortés, along with 500 Spaniards, arrived in Mesoamerica in 1519 and found the region rich in gold. He captured Montezuma and forced him to pledge allegiance to the king of Spain.
  • Cacao beans were used as currency in the Aztec Empire.
  • Nahuatl was the native language of the Aztecs. Dialects of it are still spoken in rural areas of Mexico. The words avocado, chocolate, and tomato are derived from Nahuatl.

Information Please® Database, © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Did you know?
"Mississippi" comes from an Indian word meaning "Father of Waters."

stay connected

Sign up for our free email newsletters and receive the latest advice and information on all things parenting.

Enter your email address to sign up or manage your account.

Facebook icon Twitter icon Follow Us on Pinterest

editor’s picks

highlights

Printable Spring Fun To-Do List
Enjoy the warmer weather by using this printable checklist of fun springtime activities for your whole family.

Kindergarten Readiness App
It's kindergarten registration time! Use this interactive kindergarten readiness checklist, complete with fun games and activities, to practice the essential skills your child needs for this next big step. Download the Kindergarten Readiness app today!

Top 10 Earth Day Books for Children
Celebrate the environment by reading some of these great children's books about Earth Day, recycling, planting trees, and all things green!

Prom Dress Trends for 2014
Check out 2014 prom dress trends inspired by celebrities’ red carpet looks, but with a price tag under $100!