2008 Year in Review

News of the World

2008 news of the world from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe


Vladimir Putin

Vladimir Putin

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Conditions Deteriorate in Afghanistan | India Rocked By a Wave of Terrorist Attacks | Iraq on the Path Toward Effective Leadership | Hopes Are Dashed for Peace Between Israelis and Palestinians Under the Bush Administration | Kosovo Declares Independence | North Korea Continues Roller Coaster Diplomacy | Changing of the Guard in Pakistan | Russian-Georgian Conflict | Turmoil Within South Africa's Ruling Party | Elections Fail to Bring Change or Hope to Zimbabwe

Putin Retains Power

Russian president Vladimir Putin stepped down in 2008—as required by term limits—after eight years in office, but he refused to relinquish power. Putin orchestrated his continued political dominance by heading the list of candidates on the United Russia ticket, the country's leading political party, in 2008's parliamentary elections. Indeed, United Russia won in a landslide, taking 64.1% of the vote, and Putin became prime minister. Historically, the post of prime minister has been largely ceremonial. Putin's ascension, however, clearly changed that convention. Putin used his sway over the media to stifle the opposition, which complained that the vote was rigged. Opposition leader and former chess champion Garry Kasparov said the election was "the most unfair and dirtiest in the whole history of modern Russia."

In addition, Putin handpicked his successor, Dmitri Medvedev, who won March 2008's presidential election in a landslide, taking 67% of the vote. Medvedev, who is moderate and pro-Western, vowed to restore stability to Russia, but significant change in the government is not expected. In assembling a cabinet, Putin called on several members of his former administration

For more information about Russia and Putin:

Information Please® Database, © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

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The Liberty Bell cracked on July 8, 1835, while tolling the death of Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall.

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