Young Athletes at Risk for Concussions
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What is a Concussion?
A concussion is a head injury that causes bruising to the brain. Concussions do not cause bleeding of the brain or structural damage to the skull, and can occur with or without loss of consciousness. The AAP uses a grading scale to determine the severity, with a grade one concussion being considered a mild injury that doesn't knock the child out, to a grade three that results in loss of consciousness and memory loss.
Sustaining a concussion is a serious matter at any age, but children are especially susceptible to serious complications because their brains are still developing. Second impact syndrome, when the child sustains a second concussion before the first has completely healed, is one of the most serious risks that a child athlete faces.